Frances terrorism is largely home grown yet both Macron and Le Pen look away | Iman Amrani

Neither candidate has a coherent plan to tackle the very real issue of fundamentalism in France. This is shocking and inexcusable

In her victory speech last night, Marine Le Pen described the results of the first round of the French elections as historic. In many ways shes right. The traditional parties suffered severe blows with neither the socialist candidate, Benot Hamon, who received a humiliating 6.3% of the national vote, nor the republican one, Franois Fillon, even making it through to the second round.

But its not just the collapse of the traditional parties that has made this election like no other. The ongoing state of emergency and the continuation of extremist attacks in France have dominated the campaign, and the one on the Champs lyses last Thursday made many ask whether Le Pen was going to be able to win more votes in the presidential election. In the local elections that took place the week after the Bataclan attacks in 2015 the popularity of Le Pens Front National spiked, as she capitalised on the fear that followed the most deadly act of terrorism in France for decades.

Back then Le Pens response to the attacks was to demand that France claw back control of its borders for good, in defiance of the European Union. She said that Islamic extremism must be crushed, and that there needed to be a crackdown on hate preachers. Just like Franois Hollande, and many others, her policies to tackle terrorism in France are almost always linked to security, rarely touching on the idea of prevention. The focus, for Le Pen, has been on either immigration or mosques, and she has pressed hardest on these issues in the wake of every attack that has happened in Europe over the past few years.

Yet this ignores the fact that the vast majority of the attacks carried out in France have been by French-born citizens, not immigrants, who in most cases have been radicalised in French prisons, not in mosques. Does Le Pen have an answer for this?

On Friday, the final campaign day before the election, she called for the immediate expulsion of foreigners on the Fiche-S list of those linked to Islamism. It was another tough, security-based response to the question of terrorism that doesnt actually deal with the issues that lead to individuals making their way on to the list in the first place. The effectiveness of this response seems even more questionable given that the 39-year-old French suspect, Karim Cheurfi, was not on the Fiche-S list. Hed been questioned by police, but never been put on the watch list. Details like this dont seem to matter during the French election.

Le Pens campaign is fuelled by emotion rather than evidence-based policies sound familiar? Fear and anxiety around the questions of security and identity have left other candidates paralysed, and unable to take control of the debate, which has allowed Le Pen ownership over an issue to which she has no real answer.

She used her last hours on the campaign to call once again for dual-national terror suspects to have their French citizenship stripped from them. Emmanuel Macron has responded by saying that this would be an act of demagoguery. In further statements he announced, like Fillon, that as president he would have 10,000 more police and gendarmes on the streets of France over the next five years, and set up a task force against Islamic State.

Macron did tweet about prevention, saying that vigorous action would be taken to combat Islamic radicalisation, including on the internet, but he has given little insight into what that action may involve. In effect, hes let Le Pen lead on one of the most important issues of the election, leaving his own strategy to exist largely as a response to hers.

The truth is that neither of the remaining candidates has a coherent plan for dealing with the very real issue of fundamentalism in France. That is both shocking and inexcusable. We have seen more than enough attacks in Europe to be able to identify patterns, commonalities, and recurring issues. So why havent any of the candidates attempted to grapple with them?

Of course, the question of security is an important one, but its not the solution to a problem that runs much deeper. In the UK, for example, we have suffered far fewer attacks than France. I do not believe that can simply be credited to our security services. I think the UK has a more successful approach to integration generally, which has in part prevented as many people from being radicalised as we have seen in France.

While we have our own social issues here that particularly affect minority communities, we have nothing like the same isolation and exclusion that is experienced by young people in the suburbs in France. Ukips newly announced integration policy has been met with the scorn it deserves. Racial discrimination, police brutality and a fixation on what Muslims choose to eat or wear all contribute to a sense that France is struggling to deal with the consequences of her colonial past.

Debates around religion and identity are far more extreme in France, and the relationship with the former colonies has also been a sore spot during this election. Marine Le Pens father, Jean-Marie, was a lieutenant during the Algerian war of independence and was accused of torturing Algerians. Marine Le Pen herself has made no attempt to smooth relations with Algerians during her campaign, instead saying in a recent interview that colonisation gave a lot. Macron at least took a step in the right direction when he described colonisation as a crime against humanity, after a two-day trip to Algeria as part of his campaign. But all this shows is that France has a lot of work to do to come to terms with its past if it is to have a better future.

If the French presidential candidates really want to tackle the issue of home-grown radicalisation, they should focus on preventative measures and coherent plans for integration. Macron certainly has a better idea of what that means, but if he wins it will take a lot of work to make France match up with the inclusive, diverse image that he has painted around his campaign.

One thing is for sure, no matter who wins the election, without a real, coherent plan to deal with these key issues, France will remain at risk of further attacks.

Florida driver’s unique method for towing a boat will make you say ‘WTF’

Only in Florida.

Kenneth Keegan was driving with his two friends in Hudson, Florida on Sunday when they stumbled upon a little bit of a perilous situation. Instead of hauling a barge with a trailer, this motorist plopped their barge onto an overloaded cargo trailer with only a few buckles arbitrarily propping the barge in place.

“What the inferno, ” someone can be heard saying in the clip, shocked at the stupidity.

Just imagine if the SUV was forced to stop or rotate immediately to avoid an accident.

That Lowe’s Mother’s Day coupon doing the Facebook rounds? It’s a scam

( CNN) File this under things too good to be true.

“LOWE’S is giving Free $ 50 coupons for EVERYONE! to celebrate Mother’s Day! ” the voucher speaks. Great , now mom can get herself more seeds — or strength implements — as she celebrates her large-scale day.

When click on the ad in Facebook, it takes you to a page with the Lowe’s logo that has a short inspection. You have to fill in the survey to get the coupon.

Philippine leader Duterte vows to ‘eat’ ISIS members alive

Filipino President Rodrigo Duterte has warned ISIS extremists he will eat their livers if they are captured by his troops.

The outspoken president, 71, who has boasted about killing criminals, made the comments during the opening of a national sports tournament in Laos on Sunday.

It comes after he ordered troops to kill fleeing jihadists behind a foiled terror attack in Bohol a popular tourist destination calling the Islamic extremists animals.

Several Philippine soldiers, two civilians, and at least four militants including an alleged leader of the terror group Abu Sayyaf were killed in clashes on Tuesday before terrorists could carry out a kidnapping and bombing plot.

Duterte warned: If you want me to be an animal, Im also used to that. Were just the same. I can dish out, go down what you can 50 times over.

He then threatened to eat organs of members of the Islamist militants that operated in his country.

Addressing the crowd, Duterte said: Just drive me to extreme anger, and I can eat a person. Give me salt and vinegar and Ill eat his liver.

You know, I am capable of eating a person. If you anger me, in truth, I will eat you alive. Raw.

Click for more from The Sun.

Chris Pratt falls in love with a bacon sandwich in this dramatic improv scene

Chris Pratt is truly a diverse performer. He’s got comedy down, he’s supported himself to be a first-class action virtuoso, and he has a flare for the dramatic.

In the video above, Pratt supports his assortment with an off the cuff improv starring opposite a bacon sandwich. During a BBC 1 Radio interrogation, Pratt behaves out a love situation with the sandwich. The love in that office is genuinely discernible … until he slaughters his beloved sandwich in cold blood.

Pratt’s interaction with the sandwich coupled with the ridiculously startling music will truly prepare you feel something including hunger.

Take time to find a job, students urged – BBC News

Image copyright Ucas Image caption Mary Curnock Cook supposes stress about employment is unhelpful

Students should not worry about finding employment while studying for their severity, supposes the outgoing heads of state of university admittances service Ucas.

Mary Curnock Cook, who steps down at the end of April, hints students may need down occasion after their finals.

Ms Curnock Cook told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme that countless children requirement time to find their occupation niche.

She implored students – and mothers – not to seem emphasized if they made time to find suitable employment.

“I’m not speaking for a minute everyone should leave university and have a doss for a while, ” she told the BBC.

What This Customer Gave Instead of a Tip Is Causing a LOT of Debate

A picture has run viral on Reddit that’s provoking quite a dialogue about the process of tip-off and taxes.

In lieu of a “tip, ” a patron at a Missouri restaurant generated their waitress a “personal gift” in the form of currency and wrote “Taxation is theft” next to the tip division of a receipt.

30 years of gay style: from disco chic to hipster bears

It used to be a tribal signal but as gay style has moved into the mainstream, the look has become harder to pin down. Its forcing creatives to really push the boundaries if they want to make a statement

When he was studying at Central Saint Martins, London, in the late 00s, Craig Green wrote his dissertation on the adoption of gay style subcultures by straight men. In the preceding decades, perfumed dandies, dilly boys, mods, skins, clones, new romantics, scallies, fierce vogueing divas and muscle Marys had all been sieved out of their natural habitat on to the high street for brief moments of mass consumption. But by the time Green currently reigning menswear designer of the year at the British fashion awards was weighing up his thesis, things had changed. The bears hirsute, gay men crowded on the dancefloor of Londons XXL nightclub were barely distinguishable from bearded Bon Iver fans.

A reciprocal shared wardrobe, common across menswear emerged. When I was younger, says Green, who was born in 1986, what I thought of as a very gay look was really a metrosexual thing, a bit Italian, clothes a tiny bit too tight, skinny jeans, tanned, tight T-shirt, worked out. Most of the men who dressed like that were straight. Gay men all seemed to be growing beards, too. It was a less specific time. You couldnt really tell who was who any more. Had we come to a melting point?

From the vantage point of the DJ booth in the capitals Horse Meat Disco, Luke Howard has been well positioned to watch the changing appearance of gay men over the past 16 years. He has noticed something similar to Green. Lads in a straight club in Sheffield or Leeds dont look that different from an average crowd we get at Horse Meat Disco, he says. These days I can barely tell the difference between straight men and gay.

At the beginning of last year I started writing a book, Good As You, about the mainstreaming of gay pop culture as gay men headed towards complete equality in British law; roughly, a journey from Smalltown Boy to same-sex marriage that felt personal and lived, but would hopefully reflect a wider shift in the country as the gay culture has come into the light. Across the 30 years I looked at (1984-2014), the sheer number and range of signals that gay men sent out through their personal, often tribal, style fitted a wider emerging narrative, reframing the British gay mans story from victimhood to a kind of valiant heroism. By the time I had finished the book, a moustache was no longer a moustache, it was part of a suit of no-nonsense sex armour.

UK
UK designer Charles Jeffrey. Photograph: Dave Benett/Getty Images for Daz

Traditionally, says Tim Blanks, editor-at-large of Business of Fashion, gay style was about men who took a lot of care and attention about their appearance. The Beckhamification of culture that begot the metrosexual ended all that. The most popular gay cultural figures in its slipstream were visibly paying less attention to their clobber than the majority. For Blanks, this is even truer of gay cultural figures now. Where is gay style now concentrated? he asks. [Singer] John Grants statement is the most chic, stylish and sophisticated art. But it isnt visual. Like the musician Perfume Genius, AKA Mike Hadreas, Grant favours contemplation of the interior life over the exterior.

Yet just as the gay scruff-as-cultural-archetype boomed, a raft of new figures emerged, reframing sexuality and style, both in and out of high fashion. Demna Gvasalia (Vetements, Balenciaga) and Alessandro Michele (Gucci) became the most influential designers of their era by taking respectively utilitarian street style and ornate embellishment down strange, pleasingly radical avenues, upsetting the strict tenets of buttoned-up, sartorial menswear. Meanwhile, American designer Rick Owens has looked to the brilliantly extreme edges of performance art, taking inspiration from the purposefully surreal, absurdist and unsettling physical disposition of David Hoyle and Christeene Vale. Things have shifted. Oh, I could look at [queer experimentalist] Arca 24 hours a day, says Blanks. He is phenomenal. His look embodies transgression, intellectual depth, incredible provocation and sensuality in exactly the way Bowies and Lou Reeds did when I was teenage.

For a young breed of designers, a sense of controlled, thrilling outrage a sense incubated in gay nightlife is once more tickling the underbelly of fashion. You have all those children of Kim Jones, Blanks notes. Jones, head of menswear at Louis Vuitton, made a path from 90s London gay club culture to the apex of mens fashion. He was a regular at 90s gay clubs from Kinky Gerlinky to Queer Nation, which he has heavily referenced in his collections. Young designers including Christopher Shannon and Bobby Abley have done their own idiosyncratic takes on that journey, too. Its a path that can work in reverse, too. In their earliest incarnation, Take That, five straight men from the north-west, were styled to catch the eyes of ritzy gay clubbers at La Cage in Manchester.

Another who trod that path was Green, whose richly specific fashion vernacular feels technically in the lineage of Yohji Yamamoto and Issey Miyake. Then theres JW Andersons fruity gender play, putting men in frilly boob tubes and thigh boots during his early years.

As Green was writing his thesis, the young designer Charles Jeffrey was being beaten up in Glasgow for his appearance. An obsessive fan of Southend gothic revivalists the Horrors, he tried to emulate their style on a pocket-money budget. I wanted the panda eyes and the big black hair but I had to buy winklepickers from Burton and womens blouses from Primark, he recalls. Hair was a big thing for Jeffrey, his point of differentiation, the this is me moment that many men have traditionally alighted on when they adapt publicly into a chosen gay identity. I was called a faggot and a poof for having bright orange hair in what I thought of as really quite an aggressive look. I didnt see it as being gay at all and I was punched in the face in George Square for it.

Gay men have co-opted both masculine and feminine imagery, says Howard, in an either/or way as regards their choices of clothes. This delineation has precedent. In the late 70s, you had new romantics with their velvet and face powder, which coincided with the clone look handlebar moustache, muir cap, leather and deniminspired by construction workers and uniformed personnel. He thinks the reason these polarities exist might be connected to deeper identity questions. Boys that grow up to become gay men have often personally experienced or at least witnessed anti-gay bullying, which perhaps then becomes either externalised Ill be as flamboyant as I want in my attire and to hell with you all or internalised: Ill be more masculine-looking than the most heterosexual men.

Clubbers
Clubbers at Leigh Bowerys club Taboo in 1986. Photograph: UniversalImagesGroup/UIG via Getty Images

The digital age has complicated personal identity issues for everyone. For many gay men, the closure of bespoke social spaces, as clubs and bars shut up shop, has meant formalising an identity online. At the Blitz and Taboo, says Blanks of the legendary London gay clubs, it was always about not wanting to be stuck at home. Times change and styles change with them. Now, it is absolutely all about staying in. The 2017 gay male archetype could easily be the bearded, topless selfie guy, stomach clenched, puckering up in his bathroom mirror, who routinely clogs the suggestion feeds of gay Facebook and Instagram users.

What a shame, Blanks continues. The notion of community used to be absolute. The internet presents a different sense of immediacy. Your desire is now more important than your style. In this sense, the most useful arbiter of gay style may be Ernesto Sarezale, the London nightclub fixture who frequently attends, dances and leaves completely naked.

Jeffreys Loverboy parties have seen the emergence of a newly radical slant on the club kids who have defined gay culture. What I love about someone like [Loverboy regular] Harry Charlesworth, says Blanks, is that hes sitting dressed like a southern belle with a hairy chest that Burt Reynolds would be proud of. Its that visual idea that ties back to the Cockettes. The revolutionary late 60s/early 70s San Francisco drag ensemble a template for wild expression are a touchstone in the gay style story.

My gay style icon would have to be Sylvester, says Howard, about the Cockette who broke free from the underground to define the sound, look and spiritual outer edges of disco. He used his body and the clothes he wore as a way to express his liberation from the oppressive restrictions of heteronormative culture. If only more men, gay and straight, myself included, could be more like him.

Model
Model wearing a Tom of Finland print swim shorts. Photograph: The Washington Post/Getty Images

Wardrobe constraints can be further complicated by the thorny issue of sex.Dress codes are generally about getting laid, says GQ Styles editor, Luke Day. The connecting tissue between all gay subcultures is that youre generally expressing your sexual preference in some sort of way. We are trying to attract. What we put out there is what we fancy.

There are gay men that I like the style of, says Green. He mentions his former stylist and collaborator Julian Ganio, the fashion director of Fantastic Man magazine. He wears things really well. Its quite difficult to look good in denim shorts, a bucket hat and a pair of shearling loafers, but hes got a magic way of holding himself.

Ganio himself doesnt think that gay mens style has changed much over his time. It never really does, he says. In 30 years time, its more than likely the leather queens will still wear leather, the bears will wear a plaid shirt and beard and the scallies will wear Reebok Classics with a Ralph Lauren polo shirt.

Howard thinks the real influence of gay men on mainstream style may not even be on their own kind. Perhaps, traditionally, gay men have had more time and money to spend on their clothes and bodies, but gay men have arguably had more influence on womens style and fashion than mens. The recent appointment of Edward Enninful as editor of British Vogue would suggest that. As for the question that haunts the debate of gay men and style, Ganio has a simple and succinct answer.

Why are so many gay men designers?

Because gays are fab, he says.

Seven key gay styles

The
The Village People. Photograph: PA

The clone
Origins:
Tom of Finland.
Subcultural habitat: The End-Up nightclub, San Francisco.
Crossover moment: Tom Selleck as Magum PI, the Village People.

The dilly boy
Origins: The rent boys of yore plying their trade at Piccadilly Circus.
Subcultural habitat: Smoking a Virginia Slim louchely under Eros with a Jean Genet paperback.
Crossover moment: Bowie, Lou Reed, Christiane F, Suede.

The Vogue queen
Origins: Harlem Vogue balls.
Subcultural habitat: A makeshift catwalk on the Chelsea Piers; Paris Is Burning.
Crossover moment: Madonna, Malcolm McLaren, streetdance.

Bedridden patients are experiencing less pain with the help of virtual reality

Virtual Reality accompanieds beings with chronic sting to new sits and changes their world.

After digging into the video above, pilot your own jetpack and take to the skies. Proceed on a VR journey in the latest chapter of ‘The Possible’ by downloading the app here .

Sustainable style: will Gen Z help the fashion industry clean up its act?

Four times after the Rana Plaza tragedy, a burgeoning accumulation of cool but ethical brands have launched to target the socially self-conscious young shopper. But much still remains to go

This week symbols the fourth time since the Rana Plaza disaster, where 1,135 garment workers were killed, and thousands disabled, when a construct collapsed in Dhaka. Fashion Revolution Week was set up to differentiate the anniversary, when the myriad issues with fast pattern are lots reported: the fossil fuels burned; the substances secreted; the landfill sites brimming with discarded drapes; the human cost of good working conditions and piteous incomes. You dont have to be a thickened environmental and social partisan to realise this is an unbelievable mess. In a decade or two, we might are looking at this time of mass intake and was just wondering what on ground we were thinking.

Thats the hope anyway. Deciphering and remaking the entire garment manufacture seems a daunting if not impossible duty, but there are signs that a younger generation of consumers will demand something different, and a prosperity of new brands are offering it. Sustainable garment is, eventually, being seen as a preferable option, with a smattering of cool brands regenerating the market. And a sprinkling of young notorieties advocating it perhaps most notably Emma Watson, who lately set up an Instagram report to substantiate her eco-friendly pattern looks.

One brand, Reformation, has been presaged by Vogue, has more than 640, 000 Instagram admirers and its many followers include Taylor Swift and Alexa Chung. Yael Aflalo set up the ethical garment companionship after a errand to China where she was outraged by the amount of pollution that textile and garment manufacturing was stimulating. At the time, she does, people thought I was crazy there were basically no options for sustainable drapes that were actually cute.

Emma
Emma Watson wears a gown crafted from leftover fiber from a previous @eliesaabworld Haute Couture accumulation on the Beauty and the Beast press tour.

Now, Aflalo does, there are a few more, but its still a lot of organic cotton tees and less options for acts outside the basics. We want to continue to alter the thinking of what sustainable garment can be, with everything from garments and wedding styles to our new categories like jeans and swimwear.

Other brands include Veja, which squanders fair-trade rubber and organic cotton for its sneakers, vegan supplementaries from Matt& Nat and beautiful drapes by New York-based label Tome. Online boutiques such as Gather& See and Reve en Vert rally ethical brands in one arrange, as do bricks-and-mortar supermarkets such as Londons The Keep and 69B. The companionship Nobodys Child colors their own fabrics in the UK, own their own mills and their tolls are low enough to seduce younger shoppers. But their fabrics would not be considered sustainable which goes to show that even within ethical pattern, few companies are perfect.

Birdsong is a British symbol whose garment is make use of womanhoods organisations, including knitwear made at a daytime center for older girls, and outfits produced by highly-skilled move seamstresses at a factory in London. Their drapes are traceable the name of the woman who realise the garment is on the label.

Birdsong
Birdsong organic silky bamboo shirt and trousers. Photograph: Birdsong

Its benefactors are in their mid-2 0s and wanted to create a symbol for women like them. We didnt genuinely meet[ a sustainable garment description] that was for our age group that was affordable, and had a bit of a sense of witticism, and wasnt preachy, does cofounder Sophie Slater. We wanted to create a symbol that really “ve spoken to” us and women we know.

She is optimistic that ethical pattern begins to upturn. Weve met so many new brands in the past couple of years that have really spot-on branding and marketing, and really good words. We have met it with food, she points out that people increasingly want to know where their food has come from and how “its been” originated but pattern still lags behind.

Young shoppers are driving this change in positions, does Alice Goody, retail consultant for Mintel. 44% of younger millennials the 17 -2 6 senility range said they would like to see more eco-friendly fabrics being implemented in drapes. In analogy, precisely 34% of Generation X and 30% of baby boomers said it was important to them. But we shouldnt be too optimistic just yet good planneds dont always restate to ethical options. Even for young women, sustainability was still a low-spirited priority Mintel experienced 80% chiefly looked for low prices.

Ethical and sustainable pattern are on the rise, does Goody, but it will be difficult for it to make a massive significance. There are signs people are buying less but buying better Mintel experienced this was true for 69% of the status of women aged 25 -4 4 but even so, saving up for a piece from, say, Stella McCartney however beautiful and ethically-made is beyond the budgets of most people.

It seems unbelievable that cheap, mass-produced high-pitched street pattern will disappear. But something has to give. Sustainability or responsible invention is by far the most difficult vogue in the industry right now, does Eva Kruse, chief executive of Global Fashion Agenda, which organises the Copenhagen Fashion Summit, being held next month to bring together directors to talk about sustainability in the industry. And its not a humanitarian quest this is a business development.

Companies are well aware of the costs of materials and how that were likely to rise in a time of scarcer assets, she does. They will be looking at how we use little irrigate, less national resources, improve living conditions around the world for those who work in our manufacture. Because all of that will benefit the bottom line.

Asos
Asos Made In Kenya cold shoulder maxi dress in ditsy floral magazine. Photograph: ASOS

So you find beings such as H& M, Mango and Zara propelling sustainable accumulations, and Asos having an eco edit. You could deem it as a step in the right direction, or cynical greenwashing unimportant next to the huge value of unsustainable outfits companies churns out each year.

What we are doing within the sustainable pattern fluctuation is giving fast pattern brands to dictate the scope and calls of comedy, does Lucy Siegle, the correspondent and columnist of To Die For: Is Fashion Wearing Out The World ? And thats not acceptable because were not get any fluctuation on decisive issues[ such as a living wage for workers ]. While we continue having organization tables about which symbol is the most transparent, and apps to assist you charge and aggregrate all of these complex initiatives, were avoiding the key issues, which is that fast pattern is undeniably questionable.

For Siegle, the idea that the world-wide pattern companies are guiding some vast change is phony. Where does that even come from? Its absolutely no truth to the rumors. And this idea that we cant get dressed without them. Actually? We used to.

The recent preface of cheap, fast pattern, she does, testifies no mansions of releasing its stranglehold on the fashion industry, or of drawing substantively better lives for garment workers. Rather: all the signs are pointing to brands trying to speed up make and get wise to marketplace quicker, because thats where the money is. Its not a rosy outlook. I think we need some very serious strategic action to get results.

For Siegle, a few of us shopping in a slightly more intelligent route on the high-pitched street will not change lots. Her programmes as a campaigner are progressive and systematic: she is working with advocates to find a available remedies to improve garment workers lives.

Still, younger customers burgeoning interest in ethical issues and the width of cool niche brands propelling to meet that expect offers a tiny chink of lighter. I imagine modern, and generally younger shoppers, are more conscious and want to know more about where their makes are coming from, does Aflalo. People are actively looking to make a change. They want to know more about the how and the who behind the clothes they wear to understand the story behind their clothes.

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